Locomotives / Train Sets

FS Class E.412 (EU.43)

Electric Locomotive

Series: "Brenner / Brennerlok"

Entry Last Edited: 01/17/2024 | Content ©www.RailRoadJunction.net | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Specifications [+]
Just 28 E.412 units were built between Adtranz and Bombardier for use in the region of Northern Italy, primarily across mountainous Alp routes.
The E.412 is an electrically-driven locomotive developed as a people-mover across the mountain lines of northern Italy where lines connect further into neighboring Austria, Switzerland, and Germany. The series is known by the names of "Brenner" and "Brennerlok" for their traversing of the Brenner Pass high in the Italian Alps (near the Austrian border). The series was constructed from 1996 to 1998, first by Adtranz of Germany and - later - by Bombardier of Canada, resulting in 28 total units completed - the complete stock purchased by operator Trenitalia (procured as 20 x E.412 units and 8 x EU.43 units).

The unit sits atop a Bo'Bo' wheel arrangement and has an overall length of 63.7 feet with a beam of 9.4 feet and a height of 13.5 feet. Weight is 97.8 short tons. Power is delivered by overhead catenary with the pantograph assembly pulling voltage from overhead lines. Supported voltages are 3,000v DC, 15 kV 16.7Hz AC, and 1,500 V DC. The traction motor arrangement is 4 x three-phase asynchronous systems. There is one pantograph assembly forward and the other aft - both assemblies built by Schunk of Germany.

All told, with a complete power output of 8,000 horsepower on 3kV lines, the unit can hit speeds of 140 miles-per-hour (220kmh). This reduces to 3,600 horsepower on 1.5kV lines. Tractive effort peaks at 51,000lb.

Externally, the locomotive has a conventional design arrangement with the ends, each containing the driver's compartment, duplicated. Entry-exit is via hinged rectangular doors along the sides with the powerpack and associated equipment situated at midships (a corridor connects the front and rear cabs). There are four total axles, each with a pair of wheels. Vision from the driving compartment is somewhat restricted to the sides though the front is dominated by a large rectangular window.

The E.412 forms the basis of the E.464 commuter. EU.43 units were originally slated for Poland to be operated by Polish State Railways (PKP) but the procurement was later abandoned. These units were taken over by Rail Traction Company of Italy instead, retaining their EU.43 designations.

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Specifications [ FS Class E.412 (EU.43) ]

Adtranz - Germany; Bombardier - Canada

1996 - 1998
Production Run

28 units
Production Total
Train driver seating position graphic

Driver Position
19.4m | 63.7 ft
NOTE: May include length of entire train set
88,700 kg
(195,584 lb | 98 US Tons)
Locomotive power source graphical icon
Power Source
Electric drive accessed via overhead catenary arrangement involving pantograph assembly (forward and aft on loco roof).
Engine / Drive Source
4 x Three-phase asynchronous traction motors.
Traction Motor / Sets
8,000 hp
Rated Output Power
220.0 kph
(136.7 mph)
Max Speed
Wheel Arrangement
(Loco Facing Left)

Series Variants
E.412 - Base Series Designation; 20 Italian units.
EU.43 - Original Polish designation for 8 planned units; eventually taken over by Rail Traction Company of Italy.
Operating Countries

National flag of Italy
Customers / Operators:
Trenitalia; Rail Traction Company
NOTE: Includes both past and present

Image of the FS Class E.412 (EU.43)

Image of the FS Class E.412 (EU.43)
Port side view of an Adtranz E412 electric locomotive in color profile.
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