Locomotives / Train Sets

CR400 (Fuxing / Rejuvenation) Electric Locomotive

Electric Locomotive

Series: "CR400"

The record-setting Fuxing EMU line of China represents one of the fatest ground-based modes of travel anywhere in the world.
Entry Last Edited: 01/17/2024 | Content ©www.RailRoadJunction.net
The sheer geographic size and number of people found across the landscape of China requires an efficient, cost-effective, world-class high-speed rail system. The nation has done well in expanding in this regard over the last few decades with services reaching up and down the coast with others going far inland. Enter the "Fuxing" (translating to "Rejuvenation", series designation of "CR400"), a passenger-centric Electrical Multiple Unit (EMU) super-high-speed train whose development began in 2012 and spanned into 2014. This resulted in a pilot vehicle made available by mid-2015 for extensive testing, opening the door to formal operational service following on August 15th, 2016 (and continuing today- 2023).

The series originally carried the name of "China Standard EMU" though later renamed to the better-known "Fuxing" in mid-2017.

This Chinese EMU is built by CRRC Qingdao Sifang, CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles, and CRRC Tangshan Railway Vehicle and its primary operator is the China Railway Corporation of China with PT Kereta Cepat Indonesia China of Indonesia to follow in 2023 (through the KCIC400AF/AF-CIT export-minded variant based in the CR400AF).

Outwardly, the trains are given a sleek and very "European-like" approach to their design - naturally as its development also involved outside players in Alstom, Bombardier, Kawasaki, and Siemens. The driver sits at front-center and has access to a large forward windshield with smaller side-view panels present. The nose slopes down elegantly. Hinged, rectangular doors are seen at the sides of the drive units. The wheels are just noticeable under the frame which is largely enclosed. Cars are dotted with a line of rectangular windows along the sides and entry-exit doors at either end (duplicated on both sides).

Internally, the traction set involves an IGBT-VVVF inverter control scheme built by Zhuzhou CRRC Times Electric (TEC) and the traction motor in play is a TEC YQ-625 external sector 3-phase AC induction system. As an EMU, the electrical system is the standard 25 kV 50 Hz AC configuration utilizing an overhead catenary (pantograph) assembly connection. Output power ranges from 13,947 horsepower to 27,196 depending on the production mark.

The maximum speed of these EMUs is 249 miles-per-hour (400kmh) by design though the units typically cruise at 217mph (350kmh). Its record-setting performance maximum registered a maximum speed of 261 mph (420kmh). As such, the "400kmh" speed is reflected in the designation of "CR400" and, similarly, the EMU's car length is showcased in the designation by an "A" or "B" detailing a 16- or 17-car formation, respectively.

With this in mind, the series includes variants "CR400AF" (also designated "KCIC400AF"), "CR400AF-A", "CR400BF", "CR400BF-A", "CR400AF-B", and "CR400BF-B" primarily differing in overall train set length. Width is consistent between the types at 11 feet and height reaches 13.2 feet. The lack of a trailing letter (-A or -B) reflects the original 8-car length. A trailing -C, -G, or -Z details 8-car models with various changes to suit specific market needs (the -C models built for the 2022 Winter Olympic games for example).

As the overall EMU length is variable, passenger seating ranges from 556 to 1,283 persons.

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Specifications [ CR400 (Fuxing / Rejuvenation) ]

China; Indonesia

National flag of China National flag of Indonesia
Operating Countries
China Railway Corporation; PT Kereta Cepat Indonesia China
Customers / Operators
CRRC Qingdao Sifang / CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles / CRRC Tangshan Railway Vehicle - China

2015 - Ongoing
Production Run

20 units
Production Total
Train driver seating position graphic

Driver Position
209.0 meters
(685.7 feet)

Locomotive power source graphical icon
Power Source

Service Roles
TEC IGBT-VVVF inverter control; 25 kV 50 Hz overhead catenary accessed via pantograph assembly.
Engine / Drive Source
TEC YQ-625 3-phase AC induction motor.
Traction Motor / Sets
13,947 hp
Rated Output Power
420.0 kph
(261.0 mph)
Max Speed
Wheel Arrangement (Loco Facing Left)
Series Variants
CR400 ("Fuxing") - Base Series Designaiton.
CR400AF-A - Model of 2018; 16-car set; seating for 1,193; built by CRRC Qingdao Sifang.
CR400AF-B - Model of 2019; 17-car set; seating for 1,283; built by CRRC Qingdao Sifang.
CR400AF-C - 8-car set by CRRC Qingdao Sifang; Automatic Train Operation (ATO) capable.
CR400AF-G - 8-car model by CRRC Qingdao Sifang; optimized for hot and dry / cold climate operations.
CR400AF-Z - 8-car set by CRRC Qingdao Sifang; modernized interior / exterior.
CR400AF-BZ - 17-car set by CRRC Qingdao Sifang; modernized interior / exterior.
CR400AF-GZ - 8-car set by CRRC Qingdao Sifang; optimized for hot and dry / cold operating environments.
CR400BF - 8-car set by CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles; 261mph capable.
CR400BF-A - Model of 2018; 16-car set by CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles.
CR400BF-B - 17-car set by CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles.
CR400BF-C - 2022 Winter Olympics variant of 2019; 8-car set with ATO capability.
CR400BF-G - 8-car set by CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles for hot and dry / cold weather operations.
CR400BF-Z - 8-car set by CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles with modernized interior / exterior.
CR400BF-BZ - 17-car set by CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles with modernized interior / exterior.
CR400BF-GZ - 8-car set by CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles for hot and dry / cold weather operations.
CR300AF - Pilot unit of 2018 by CRRC Qingdao Sifang; 300kmh top speed.
CR300BF - Pilot unit of 2018 by CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles; 300kmh top speed.
CR200J - Model of 2019 by committee of companies including CRRC Nanjing Puzhen and CRRC Qingdao Sifang.
KCIC400AF / AF-CIT - Export model of the CR400AF.
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