Locomotives / Train Sets

4-6-0 (10-Wheeler)

Steam Locomotive

Entry Last Edited: 04/03/2024 | Content ©www.RailRoadJunction.net | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Specifications [+]
The 4-6-0 Ten-Wheeler proved another popular steam-driven passenger hauler for its time.
The 4-6-0 ("Ten Wheeler") steam locomotive first appeared in "tender" form in the United States in 1947, this being the 'Chesapeake' designed by one Septimus Norris and constructed by Norris locomotive Works for the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. It first appeared in "tank" form in the Colony of Natal in 1880. The American approach was evolved from the earlier 4-4-0 and would itself influence the subsequent 4-6-2 (Pacific) and 2-8-0 (Consolidation) designs still to come. As its designation suggests, the 4-6-0 carried a pair of small wheels at the front with three large drive wheels under center mass and no trailing wheels in the configuration. The tank was set ahead of the driver's compartment in the usual way.

Compared to the earlier 4-4-0 approach, the newer and dimensionally larger 4-6-0 offered greater hauling power though at the expense of a smaller firebox. The series would hit speeds nearing 100 miles-per-hour. The steam locomotive proved quite popular for its time with production reaching an estimated 16,000 units worldwide with primary use being in the passenger-hauling service. This reign ended with the arrival of the aforementioned Atlantic and Consolidation designs.

The 4-6-0 design was used on railway lines all over the world, from Angola and Canada to Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

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Specifications [ 4-6-0 (10-Wheeler) ]

American Locomotive Company (ALCO); Baldwin Locomotive Works; Dubs and Company; Kitson and Company; Neilson and Company; Neilson, Reid and Company; Norris Locomotive Works; Nydqvist and Holm AB; Richmond Locomotive Works; Werkspoor NV

United States
1947 - 1920
Production Run

16,000 units
Production Total
Train driver seating position graphic

Driver Position
18.3m | 60.0 ft
NOTE: May include length of entire train set
68,989 kg
(152,121 lb | 76 US Tons)
Locomotive power source graphical icon
Power Source
Steam-based locomotive.
Engine / Drive Source
160.0 kph
(99.4 mph)
Max Speed
Wheel Arrangement
(Loco Facing Left)

Series Variants
4-6-0 ("Ten Wheeler") - Base Series Designation.
4-6-0T - Tank type.
Operating Countries
Angola; Bechuanaland; Canada; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Indonesia; Ireland; New Zealand; Norway; Poland; Romania; Russia; South Africa; Sudan; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom; United States

National flag of Angola National flag of Canada National flag of Denmark National flag of France National flag of Finland National flag of modern Germany National flag of Indonesia National flag of Ireland National flag of New Zealand National flag of Norway National flag of Poland National flag of Romania National flag of Russia National flag of South Africa National flag of Sudan National flag of Sweden National flag of Switzerland National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States
Customers / Operators:
Algoma Eastern Railway; Baltimore and Ohio Railroad; Benguela Railway; British Railways; Caminhos de Ferro de Mocamedes; Canadian National; Canadian Pacific; Cape Government Railways South African Railways; Clinchfield Railroad; Finnish State Railways; Great Southern and Western Railway; Hinkley Locomotive Works; Illinois Central Railroad; London and South Western Railway; Natal Government Railways; Nevada Northern Railway; New Zealand Railways Department; Norwegian State Railways; Polish State Railways; Pennsylvania Railroad; Pretoria-Pietersburg Railway; Prussian State Railways; Royal Wurttemberg Railways; Schenectady Locomotive Works; Southern Railway; Sudan Railways Corporation; Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works; United Railways of Yucatan; Walt Disney World Railroad; War Department Light Railways
NOTE: Includes both past and present

Image of the 4-6-0 (10-Wheeler)

Image of the 4-6-0 (10-Wheeler)
Front right side view of a 4-6-0 steam locomotive example.
Public Domain Image.
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