Locomotives / Train Sets

4-4-0 (American / 8-Wheeler / Standard)

Steam Locomotive

Series: "Eight Wheeler"

Entry Last Edited: 01/17/2024 | Content ©www.RailRoadJunction.net | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Specifications [+]
The 4-4-0 American locomotive was the classic steam-based hauler that helped to build the United States into a global power during the late-1800s.
The 4-4-0 "American" locomotive was a popular steam-based loco unit appearing during the mid-late 1800s and into the early 1900s, first becoming available in tender engine form in 1836 with the Philadelphia, Germantown and Norristown Railway. The tank engine version followed in Britain in 1849 (built by Great Western Railway and operated by South Devon Railway). The arrangement involved four large wheels to a frame side with four smaller wheels seated at front. Visually, only two of the small and two of the large wheels were seen to a side, hence the 4-4-0 Whyte notation being assigned.

The name "American", originating from a publication in 1872, stems from its prolific, widespread use in the United States during the period though it also came to be known as the "Eight Wheeler" and "Standard / American Standard".

The 4-4-0 was evolved from the earlier 4-2-0 ("Jervis") and, itself, became the basis for the 4-4-2 ("Atlantic") that followed. Early 4-4-0 and 2-4-0 ("Porter") designs were rebuilt to the 4-4-0 standard, such was its imprint on American railroads. Over the life of its operational service, the 4-4-0 was modified to include such comforts as a covered cab for the crew and its original size and power grew to keep pace with the development of American cities and industry.

The popularity of 4-4-0 Eight Wheelers was such that it was manufactured into the early 1900s in the United States, the design noted for its improved tractive effort and general overall reliability while lacking acceleration. Maximum speed was typically around 50 miles-per-hour - though one example built in England by Swindon Works is said to have exceeded 100 mph in 1904 and New York Central operated a 4-4-0 to a speed of 112.5mph.

The 4-4-0 was utilized extensively beyond American and British borders, seeing operational service in countries including Australia and Finland and even into Africa for its part in railway history.

The 4-4-0 wheel arrangement makes up the iconic locomotive featured in Walt-Disney's Magic Kingdom. It were also the loco design forms featured in the "Great Locomotive Chase" of the American Civil War 1861-1865 (these being "The General" and "The Texas" built in 1855 and 1856, respectively).

Fewer than eight working examples are operated throughout North America today.

©RailRoadJunction.net | Reproduction of this Text is Prohibited as it is the Exclusive Property of RailRoadJunction.net.

Specifications [ 4-4-0 (American / 8-Wheeler / Standard) ]

1836 - 1904
Production Run

25,000 units
Production Total
Train driver seating position graphic

Driver Position
10,885 kg
(24,001 lb | 12 US Tons)
Locomotive power source graphical icon
Power Source
Coal-fired steam arrangement.
Engine / Drive Source
80.5 kph
(50.0 mph)
Max Speed
Wheel Arrangement
(Loco Facing Left)

Series Variants
4-4-0 - Base Wheel Classification.
"American" - Universal Series Name.
"8-Wheeler" - Alternative Series Name.
"Standard" / "American Standard" - Alternative Series Name.
Operating Countries
Australia; Finland; Mozambique; New Zealand; Rhodesia; Russia; South Africa; United Kingdom; United States

National flag of Australia National flag of Finland National flag of Mozambique National flag of New Zealand National flag of Russia National flag of South Africa National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States
Customers / Operators:
Bristol and Exeter Railway; Caledonian Railway; Cape Government Railways; Central Pacific Railroad; Finnish State Railroad; New York Central and Hudson River Railroad; Metropolitan Railway; Natal Railway Company; Natal Government Railways; New Zealand Midland Railway Company; New Zealand Railways Department; North British Railway; Philadelphia, Germantown and Norristown Railway; South Devon Railway; Tongaat Sugar Estates; Union Pacific; Vale of Neath Railway; Virginia and Truckee Railroad; Walt Disney World Railroad
NOTE: Includes both past and present

Image of the 4-4-0 (American / 8-Wheeler / Standard)

Image of the 4-4-0 (American / 8-Wheeler / Standard)
Right side illustration of a 4-4-0 steam locomotive.
Copyright www.RailRoadJunction.net; No Reproduction of this Work Permitted.
Site Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookies

Compare Locomotives Locomotives by Max Speed Locomotives by Horsepower Locomotives by Production About RailRoadJunction
©2024 www.RailRoadJunction.net • Content ©2023-2024 RailRoadJunction.com • All Rights Reserved. The RailRoadJunction.com logo, its watermarked illustrations, and written copyrighted content are unique to this website and are protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. Information found across this site, verified through publicly available sources, is assumed to be accurate at the time of publication. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not be construed as usable for maintenance and/or repair. Any real-world logos / designs / colors appearing in our illustrations are purely for identification purposes and should not be misconstrued as an endoresement by these parties / companies of this website. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

©2024 www.RailRoadJunction.net • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2023-2024 (1yrs)